Sterilization is the elimination of all life forms and transmissible agents (e.g. bacteria, fungi, viruses, and spore forms) from the surface of a material or from the composition of a fluid/compound. For certain industries with purity processes on a regular basis—the food & beverage industry and the pharmaceutical industry most especially—sterilization is a very important sub-process.
There are many ways a material can be sterilized, for example, some metal objects can be sterilized by cleaning the surface with acids or caustic solutions. However, in the case of single use products, gamma irradiation and ethylene oxide sterilization are 2 of the most common processes in use at the moment. So how do they compare? Below you will find out more about both processes: how they work, which materials they work best with, and the advantages and disadvantages of each pro